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O 8º Fórum Mundial da Água irá abordar a questão da água e pessoas como um dos seus temas centrais, com foco no acesso à água, saneamento e saúde pública. Para isso, foram definidos três tópicos que pretendem abarcar as questões para discussão sob o tema Pessoas, que deverão transformar-se em Sessões Temáticas e palcos de debates durante o 8º Fórum em 2018. São eles:

  1. Acesso universal à água segura em quantidade suficiente
  2. Acesso universal ao saneamento integrado
  3. Água e saúde pública

Considerando esse conjunto de tópicos sobre Pessoas – Água, Saneamento e Saúde:      

  1. Quais os maiores desafios em cada tópico que interessam à sociedade civil e às comunidades e que deveriam ser debatidas durante o 8º Fórum Mundial da Água?
  2. Como esses desafios se relacionam com problemas na sua cidade, comunidade ou arredores?

Suas respostas vão ajudar a organização do Fórum na definição das Sessões Temáticas e de outras oportunidades de debate presencial durante o evento.

CONTRIBUIÇÕES DE ALÉM DO MUNDO

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Foto de Evans Tembo (MPH, MSc, Env.Eng)

Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

undertaking research on pesticide contamination of water sources and linking that to the increase in cancer requires specialised efforts in environmental and human health risk assessment. This is because, the hydrophobic nature of pesticides makes it possible to be sorbed to the colloidal particles/sediments. also that pesticides may undergoe photodegradation while in water. Therefore, it may be important considering taking your samples more frequently for the whole year to quantify the trends in pesticide concentrations in water sources (more especially surface water) downstream the plantation, as well as treated water.

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Pedro P G Porto replied:

In fact, I intend to do my masters degree research on this area. I am looking for new ideas on how to approach this subject. Thank you for your input, I will definitely consider all of it.

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Pedro,

Actually that should be the reason for existence of global fora like the World Water Fora. I believe, you can use this e-platform to mobilize different stakeholders from different parts of the world who share a similar problem to share lessons and look for solutions together. Maybe this would lead to a joint session during the Forum and joint project implementation in the future!

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Pedro P G Porto replied:

I am looking forward to see how people deal with this subject around the world. I would like to see if this kind of question has some relevance anyelsewhere. Any support would be helpful in order to gatherer knowledge to clarify this point. 

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Foto de Barbara Dunin

Barbara Dunin said:

Olá,

Muito interessante conhecer desafios e soluções envolvendo água e saneamento em outros países do mundo. Espero que este espaço seja útil para que todos possamos aprender mais sobre o tema e trocar conhecimento. Espero também ver contribuições brasileiras :)

Abraços

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Foto de Diana Iskreva

Diana Iskreva replied:

Hi Barbara!

You are most welcome!

I am just using the chance to explain that we can share and discuss on this page in various languages using the Google translation tool.

To facilitate the translation, this website offers direct link to Google translator just at the top of the page at the top left, above the sign 8th World Water Forum. The aumomatic translation between English and Portugues is quite reasonable. Please, be aware that it is not always the case with every language. Sorry! With my native Bulgarian language, for example, it does not work.

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Foto de Barbara Dunin

Barbara Dunin replied:

Hey Diana, thank you for that!

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F H Mughal said:

My over 40 years' of experience in the field of water, sanitation and hygiene shows a number of challenges. Lack of political will is a major challenge.  It is difficult to achieve significant progress, in absence of political will.

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Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

Dear Mughal,,

Just to respond to your question of rural water treatment plant with 50 NTU,,The best way would be to coagulate your raw water with Alluminium Sulphate/Iron Chloride followed by flocculation then filtration after which you can do chlorination!

Otherwise, If you just chlroine this type water with that high turbidity, then you will promote the formation chlorine by-products like Trihalomethanes (THMs) and Mutagen - X (MXs) which are carcinogenic, thereby endagering the health of the communities using that water source.

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F H Mughal replied:

Dear Evans,

Thank you for your useful suggestion. Would it be more helpful, if roughing filters are used, in place of coagulation, to reduce the raw water turbidities?

Regards,

F H Mughal

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Foto de Evans Tembo (MPH, MSc, Env.Eng)

Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

@ Maghal,, you are welcome... using ordinary filters to removal colloidal particles (particle size 0.1 - 1 nm) maybe quite diffcult,,unless you use Micro/Ultra Filtration technogies which are quite expensive intallations compared to my earlier suggestion!

The problem is that these colloidal particles have a negative charge on their surfaces,,hence better removed by chemical means (a positive charge from Al / Fe is used to neutralise the negative charge).

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F H Mughal replied:

Dear Evans,

Thank you for your useful response. I agree with your point of view.

Regards,

F H Mughal

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Foto de Beatriz Martins Carneiro

Beatriz Martins... replied:

Welcome Mr. Mughal, and thank you very much for your contribution.

WASH expertize and political will are important barriers, no doubt. Can you tell us more about how Pakistan is dealing with those challenges? How the cities or the countryside are being affected?

Also, do you see any solution that can be replicated in other regions?

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F H Mughal replied:

Dear Beatriz,

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SALAMATU GARBA said:

From my  various field experience, I noticed that policy makers and even people generally shy away from sanitation projects. Is it possible for the next sets of interventions to  focus more on policies and enforcing or implementing them to translate into action.

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Beatriz Martins... replied:

Thank you for your contribution Mrs Salamutu,

Sanitation is for sure an urgent issue that must be tackled globally and a collective action/voice could be an intelligent tool to promote awareness. Here in Brazil it is also a challenge very connected to poverty, health and inequality between our country regions. It is also a SDG (6) that impacts many others such as SDG3 and SDG 14 – and even SDG 5 once girls are more affected in places with no toilets available, such as schools.

Can you give us more details about the main sanitation challenges of your region? And how government, society and private sector relates to it?

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Beatriz,
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Beatriz Martins... replied:

Olá Diana,

Obrigada por compartilhar este exemplo. Os ODS são integrados e interdependentes, e isso fica ainda mais claro quando falamos de um tema tão transversal como a água. É também muito interessante ver essa dinâmica quando abordamos aspectos culturais de cada região.

No Brasil, também há muitos problemas envolvendo o absenteísmo de crianças em escolas por falta de banheiros, ou banheiros em péssimas condições.

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Evans Tembo (MP... said:

Despite that most countries met the MDG target on water and sanitation, developing countires including Zambia were still off-truck of 2015! Our organisation has been involved in National WASH Advocacy and the lessons learnt were that; teh implimentation and monitoring of the MDG onsafe water focused more on having more improved water points without questioning the quality of water from such water points!...Leia mais

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SALAMATU GARBA replied:

Thank you EvaN Tempo.

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Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

Salamatu, you very right! media need to be trained to in understanding water and sanitation issues in the context SDGs which is normally lacking! The Office bearers in Government at times have inadequate capacity to carrying out water quality monitoring activities at District and lower levels.

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Great work, Mr. Evans! Congratulations!

Please, will it be possible to elaborate more on the smooth continuation of the efforts on the implementation of the MDGs towards the implementation of SDGs and Agenda 2030 in Zambia. Are you optimistic that the capacity built on MDGs is a solid foundation for accomplishing better of the SDGs?

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Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

Diana, we really managed to build the momentum even as a consortium of organisations under the umbrella of the Zambia NGO WASH Forum for water and sanitation advocacy (where I also served as a Vice Chairperson - Lobbying and Advocacy Permanent Committee). We also went as far as having our voices heard under the SWA (Sanita and Water for all) keeep the promise Campaign. We have seen government departments becoming more transparent and accountable because we were permited to to have access to government documents like budgets, work plans, progress reports etc!

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Evans,

Thank you for the elaborated answer! Yes, all these are absolutely necessary to have a smooth and successful implementation process towards Agenda 2030 and the SDGs.

Do you think the CSOs can also play a role as promoters of sustainable technologies and higher quality standards fro example; and if so how do you think these type of projects would be funded.

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Foto de laura emilce flores rodriguez

laura emilce fl... said:

I think that first We have to do like human been is to learn how to use water, second how to use and to get safe water, third, a work with all agencies governmental and not governmetal not to contaminated water. This es very important, because each action of human using a lot of chemicals (houses.work, recreation) contaminates the water. We need to work together in all these issues. 

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Foto de Diana Iskreva

Diana Iskreva replied:

Welcome Laura!

It is obvious that you have thought a lot about wise and responsible use and protection of water. Will you introduce the projects you are involved into, people you are working with, etc. This kind of info will be useful for all of us.

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Foto de Eltigani Abdelgalil

Eltigani Abdelgalil said:

It is essential that the water which people drink and use for other purposes should be clean and free of germs and chemicals. Disease-causing germs and chemicals can find their way into water supplies, and when this happens the water becomes polluted or contaminated and when people drink it or come in contact with, they can contract serious disease. poor water quality will continue to be a major risk factor for public health among the population particularly rural communities.I think easy, hand-able and immediate check tools is very important to make sure that people drink safe water  

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Mr Abdelgalil,

I cannot agree more with your position!

In Bulgaria where I live, the drinking water quality supplied to the cities is quite high but the rural communities lag behind. One is not really sure whether the drinking water would always be safe.

Please, will you share your experience with the immediate check tools?

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Foto de Evans Tembo (MPH, MSc, Env.Eng)

Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

@ Diana, In Zambia ENVAROS NGO has devised a simplified methodology in which community volunteers are trained in onsite water quality monitoring coupled with the intepretation of  water quality data! in this way, communities are capable of acertaining the potential of their drinking water to causing water-borne diseases or not! Water parameters of focus include critical physio-chemical and bacteriological aspects. 

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Evans,

Thanks immensely for your contribution. You have done great work!

Please, can you share links to training events, methodology materials, etc., that will assist others who are still looking for a solution that fits their needs.

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Evans Tembo (MP... replied:

You are welcome!

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Thank you for sharing your contact information, Evans! I believe, many people will contact you now to benefit from your generous proposal to share detailed infromation about your experience :-). I will.

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Foto de Beatriz Martins Carneiro

Beatriz Martins... said:

Car@s amigos e colegas,

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Hassan Aboelnga said:

Welcome to the discussion and sharing our thoughts and experiences on water-related issues. One of the major challenges in arid and semi-arid countries such as MENA region where I come from is the scarcity of water resources.  For instance, Jordan is the second water-poorest country, where water per capita is 88 percent below the international water poverty. water supply is intermittent in which people receive water only once or twice per week and it is common to store water in rooftop tanks 

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Natasha Dokovska said:

Hi,

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Natasa,

Thank you very much for your message. It raises interesting issues and opens great opportunity to active citizens to stand for their rights.

Please, can you share some experience that you have from your everyday work. What according to you might involve citizens and media more closely with the water and sanitation problems ad solutions for more sustainable services.

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Foto de Muhammad Wasif Bashir Babar

Muhammad Wasif ... said:

Population of the World is increasing rapidly on the globe and due to industrial revolution ; global warming driving the climate change and it impacting the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). Asia continent have its some region which are directly victim of the Climate change and creating the disasters in the regions especially South Asia. Pakistan is most vulnerable country in term of disaster, destruction of the water resources and prone to the sanitation & hygiene Poverty. its totally destroying the universal human rights to Enough safe water for all, Integrated sanitation for all & Water management for  public health.

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Diana Iskreva replied:

Dear Wasif,

It is so encouraging to see that among young scientists, there is high interest to water issues.

Can you, please, share your immediate results from Pakistan. Pakistan is a country of young people, how the generations work together; how the youth are striving to advance into the water professional arena.

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Diana Iskreva said:

Dear Colleagues,
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Mara Lúcia Carn... said:

Bom dia a todos! Logo mais vamos iniciar um processo de discussão sobre a situação atual de acesso a água para consumo humano e, ampliar para toda população, um importante debate sobre os desafios para o atendimento das necessidades humanas por água para garantia da saúde e qualidade de vida.

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