Good morning, thank you for the opportunity to share wirh you. I live in Maracaibo, in the northern part of Venezuela. For the last years water disponibility in oue houses has diminished in a dramatic way. Last year we received water from the public system every seven days because of the ocurrence of EL Niño that diminishes rain in 15% and the lack of managment in the different uses of water. In Venezuela the big water storage constructions have dissaperead instead every house has a capacity that goes from 500 liters to 25.000 liters. And the government deployed the measuring rain net since 2000 so it is not possible to do hydrology analisys to be sure if realy the ocurrence of extreme values is affecting water disponibility or bad management.
It seems that we are living with extreme values: droughts followed by floods. So I think that hydrologic design parameters must be changing because Return Periods between extreme values are getting smaller. Are there studies in other countries near Venezuela that have studied this effects. Thank you
I would like to put on the table of discussion the difference between words and action, what is written in paper and the reality on sustainable development in my country Venezuela, and I don´t think is different in most Latin American countries. Venezuela´s Constitution has a complete chapter (IX) dedicated to Environmental Rights, And establishes Sustainable Development as the base for Development Plans. Venezuela has also a very good Water Law based on the concept that water is public and it should be managed with an Integrated view. But our reality is that there is no real water management in Venezuela. There are really very few gauging stations. To confirm this you can enter the INAMEHT web page).
It is difficult for the society to build a system for water management if there is no political support from the Government. Especially if the Institutions have to be politically aligned with the Government.
In Venezuela we fluctuate from severe drougths, last year people in a main city as Maracaibo received water every seven days, to floods with strong rains. Hydrologic cycles seem to go from one extreme to another so I think that water managment has to change and be ready to jump from one extreme to the other (droughts and floods). but that means that we need a very good the technical structure that can forsee the changes and can design the measures to confront the extreme situations.
Public participation without a good technical platform on Water Management is limited to small actions, and Legislation is not enough, there has to be investment and support policy. Like one of My Fair Lady song ¨Words, words words, Iam sick of words.
3 years 6 months
Reading the very interesting comment of Mr. Minani it came to my mind the question ¨what comes first the egg or the hen¨? Because he begins saying that Water Management and Development are responsible for poverty reduction, but it is also true that Sustainable Development requieres more than any other types of development schemes the participation of society from the more inner roots. For example Sustainable waste Managment begins in our house. And a society with high porcentage of poverty is the main enemy for Sustainable Development, because the urgent matters pass over the important issues.
And in many countries from Latin America , Asia, Africa poverty is not related to lack of resources, poverty comes from a bad use of resources mainly because of CORRUPTION that also brings the aniquilation of institutions inside a country. So maybe the first issue to be able to start a way to SUstainable Development is to reduce Corruption so the resources can be directed to reduce poverty, remake technical and social institutions that can help organize a better society.
In Venezuela until 1999 we had advanced very slowly in Environmental Managemnet issues, Water Managemnet, but in 17 years we have gone back almost 40 years and middle class has practically dissapeard.
Maybe this event is not directed to answer this aspects but as it is a Global Event there could be a message to the Developed world to stand against Corruption in ¨poor¨ countries, so it could be more difficult for corrupt governments to take out and clean the money they steal from our couuntries.
Poor people cannot manage the water they don´t have, usually in rural areas they built artesan wells aside the septic well. They throw awway or burn their waste and their principal problem is to get something to eat and survive.
I resume Sustainable Development as the summatory of efforts, from the chore of society (family) to the local, regional and national organization and poverty is our main challenge to overcome in under developed countries ( many of them have plenty resouces bat corrupted governments)