I am feeling pleasure to be part of this discussion group.
In my opinion, the most important challenge is lack of integrated planning using efficient technologies in Pakistan. The concerned departments have no proper integrated plan in order to utilize the scarce resources optimally. Therefore, a large amount of budget is being wasted in the form of repeating activities. Being a developing country, we have limited resources in terms of finance, human resource, infrastructure, etc. We have to realize its importance and should not start any development work independently. There is need to discuss with concerned department and most importantly, with community for which the development work is going to be done. We should understand that these resources have finite value and will be finished one day, if it will not be used optimally. There is an immense need to prepare development plan (master plan, action area plan, outline development plan) using participatory approach before starting anything randomly. Although, plans are prepared in Pakistan but they are not much efficient in terms of their spatial component. The use of Multi-criteria approach and GIS technology can make these plan ten times more effective and efficient and the available resources will be well-utilized.
Madiha from Pakistan
1 year 7 months
Yes, SDGs are being part of future development projects in Pakistan. Even , SDGs are being taught in academic institutions also. Many government institutions have realized its importance and considering it. But, to achieve these goals, strategies and procedure need to be more focused, intellegent and effective.
1 year 7 months
Good to hear from you.
I agree with your observations. This is true in Pakistan. Politicians are one of the important influential persons in any development work. I have worked very closely with Local Government and marginalized community in Lahore. I have seen that how politicians interest can change the game and there is no importance of any plan at that time. Politicians are one of the stakeholders in implementation of participatory approach. They are as much important to involve in preparing any development plan as much community is. One of the bitter reality is that needs of the targeted community is not catered and they are not involved in any plan. I think, it is needed to realize that community is main stakeholder. If all the development is doing for community then where is community in preparing plan and decision making process.
Why I considered lack of integrated planning an important challenge? There are two reasons for it.
As you see in Pakistan, there is lot of funded donor based projects. A large amount of money is being spent on these projects. There is qualified staff and a group of consultants who take heavy salries. If, during the projects, we work intelligently, catering local needs and adopting suitable procedures then quality can be good and our resources of Pakistan can be save.
During my work in low income areas, I have seen very close that there is repetition of activities due to lack of action area plan. A budget is being spent on the construction of roads/streets. After one year, the need of development of sewerage arises. When sewerage or any other utility infrastructure like water supply will be developed, road has to be constructed again. In this way, budget is being wasted. This is just an example. There are lots of examples which we see in our surroundings. We should think to utilize our scarce resources optimally.
Similarly, there are many more important points from designing to implementation stage. And Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) model called (Component Sharing Model) is a good practice through which sewerage problem of Orangi Town, one of the biggest slums of Asia has been solved. They involve all the stakeholders including politicians and community. Therefore, there is no maintenance issue for government because community owns it. I think, CSM should be adopted in many development projects to use our available resources efficiently and effectively.
1 year 7 months
Dear Mr. Faiz,
I will support Mr.Mansoor comment. Technology is very important . It ease our work and save our resources. Yes, Mr.Mansorr, PITB is working a lot and we are giving support many government departments including local government of Punjab through technology. I am also part of PITB and now many departments are trying to build their capacity in its usage.
1 year 6 months
Good to hear from you.
Yes i am totally agree with you and Mr. Mansoor. This is right any stakeholder is a part of CSM including politicions. They are very important stakeholder, no doubt. I have also involved in replicating CSM in Lahore's marginalized community through the platform of MUAWIN. In that process, politicions were involved in multiple interventions in their areas but they are still missed in many processes. We really need to realize their importance.
In my opinion, the most important challenge is lack of integrated development plan (Master plan, Structure Plan, outline plans) of WASH incorporating spatial components of all facilities using efficient technologies in Pakistan. All the concerned departments should take their part, set the priorities and develop an efficient plan. The target community should also be involved during the development process so that their needs could be identified and incorporated as well as optimal utilization of available resources could be ensured. Pakistan is not so far to adopt such practices. Participatory approach is the most effective to achieve certain goals. The replication of Component Sharing Model (CSM) by Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) in Karachi is the best example to realize the strength and effectiveness of participatory models. Moreover, the identification of suitable solution either advanced using latest technology or local using traditional knowledge for a specific problem is very essential. As the topography, culture, people’s attitude, climate are not same, therefore, one solution cannot be implemented to the whole land of country. The recent emerging technology (Geographical Information System) from last decades can fix a problem by analyzing multiple factors spatially to use available resources in an optimal way.
1 year 7 months
Dear Diana Iskreva,
Thank you for your welcome.
Yes, Women in Pakistan are being involved a lot to solve water related issues. Although, it is really difficult for women living in backward areas to get involve but with the passage of time, trend is going to be changed. Their involvement is quite better now. At some places, we also see gender balanced.
I would like to quote here Ms. Parween Rahman (Late). She was a leader, architect and community activist who worked a lot for the replication of Component Sharing Model (CSM) in the development of sewerage system in low income areas or area situated at the outskirt of the city. Through this model, sewerage system in Orangi Town, one of the biggest slums of Asia has been developed. She trained young girls in mapping and documents and taught them that how they can participate and work for the upgradation of their marginalized areas. She educated community women to play their part for solving their issues. She was a well-known, brave and dedicated lady to solve WASH issues of Pakistan. She also supported Government to solve WASH issues being the director of Orangi Pilot Project (OPP), Karachi, Pakistan.
Moreover, a large number of young girls are being enrolled and getting their degrees in water and sanitation engineering. They are also being part of international WASH projects. Although, men are in large numbers but women are also not behind. They are being involved in government, local authorities, academia, NGOs, CBOs. It would not be wrong to say that women in Pakistan are not behind from men to solve their WASH issues.