In the world, 90% of the population depends on transboundary water resources, but there are still many controversies about ideal policies to balance water sharing. The issue was discussed in the panel "Transboundary water: transforming potential tensions into partnerships for regional development", this Tuesday (20), at the 8th World Water Forum, held in Brasilia (DF).
Khaled Abuzeid of Egypt's Arab Water Council advocated the issue of balanced water sharing. "We can not get rid of water sharing because it is the sustenance of everything. The Forum itself is about this. But we have to share the benefits, we have to balance this sharing. We can not just look at the water allocation", he said.
During the session, the authorities that composed the panel sought to analyze the role of international law and custody in preventing conflicts over transboundary water resources. They also discussed how the Water Convention and its work program are supporting the countries to reach the indicator SDG 6.5.2 6. The main objective would be to turn tensions into meaningful, fair and equitable development partnerships, as stipulated in SDG 17.
Professor Seifeldin Abda of the Sudanese Ministry of Water Resources pointed out that there are different perceptions regarding transboundary water resources. According to him, the process can not simply be taken off a shelf and used. "It's a very long process and sharing the benefits is not an easy thing to do. You need to quantify them, identify them and know how to deal with them", underlined Abda.
Before the discussions, it was mentioned that the amount of water is decreasing and the crisis that causes conflicts between nations can be resolved through the definition of benefits to be shared. The panel pointed out that the projection for the coming years is that the world may come to lose between 25% to 30% of water fit for consumption. "Water should be a matter of unity to resolve conflicts. If we had the choice, we certainly would not choose the option to divide, but we have to", said Hassan Janabi, Ministry of Water Resources in Iraq.
The Panel "Transboundary Water: turning potential tensions in partnerships for regional development" was also attended by Kherraz Khatim, of the Sahara and Sahel Observatory, and was moderated by Hammou Laamrani, the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation of Egypt.