Brasília, the host city
During six days, the city of Brasília receives the visitors of the 8th World Water Forum. Founded on April 21, 1960, the capital of Brazil is the seat of the Federal Government and well known for its architecture. The city was totally planned by the urbanist Lucio Costa, having its main buildings and distinctive monuments designed by the renowned architect Oscar Niemeyer.
Shaped like an airplane, the "Plano Piloto" - city’s basic layout, follows the design of the architect Lucio Costa, chosen through a contest. The Plano Piloto is composed of Eixo Monumental (monumental axis) - body of the airplane - where the Esplanada do Ministérios and the Praça dos Três Poderes are located, and by the Asa Norte and Asa Sul (north and south wings) - that form the Eixo Rodoviário. The Ulisses Guimarães Convention Center and the Mané Garrincha National Stadium, which will receive participants from the 8th World Water Forum, are located in the Eixo Monumental. The wings are composed of residential superquadras, commercial squares and leisure squares, comprising also schools and churches.
Humanity’s cultural heritage
On December 7, 1987, the city received the title of Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. It was an unprecedented decision, since until then, such a title, had only been given to heritages that were over a century old. Brasília was the first contemporary cultural property to enter the list, along with monuments such as the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Wall of China, the Acropolis of Athens (Greece), the Historical Center of Rome (Italy), the Palace and Park of Versailles (France), among others. Architectural works such as Praça dos Três Poderes, Itamaraty Palace, Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge, justify the title of World Heritage.
Brasília is located on the Planalto Central, in the Center-West region of Brazil. There are the headwaters of affluents of three of the largest Brazilian rivers - the Maranhão River (affluent of the Tocantins River), the Preto River (affluent of the São Francisco River) and the São Bartolomeu and Descoberto rivers (affluents of the Paraná River). The city is about 1,000 meters above sea level and has predominantly flat relief. Its highest point is the Pico do Roncador, with 1,341 meters, located in the Sobradinho Mountains.
The Paranoá Lake, artificially formed by the dammed waters of the Paranoá River, which washed the city, was created with the aim of increasing humidity in and around Brasília. It covers 48 square kilometers, has a maximum depth of 38 meters and about eighty kilometers of perimeter, with some formations of artificial beaches. "Paranoá" is a word of Tupi origin (native language of the Brazilian Indians) that means "fluvial bay".
Several bars and restaurant were established around the lake. There, it is also possible to practice various water sports such as canoeing, rowing, sailing, water skiing and even diving. Fishing is also permitted in Paranoá, from which native species such as the Cará, the Lambari and the Traíra are extracted, as well as the non-native ones such as Tilapia, Tucunaré and Carp.
With a population of approximately 3 million, Brasilia is among the five most populous cities in the country. From its construction to the present day, the city attracts people from all Brazilian regions, characterizing it by cultural and gastronomic diversity. In addition, the Brazilian capital is among one of the main diplomatic posts, with embassies from 127 countries. The city of all languages and accents welcomes the 45 thousand visitors from Brazil and the World who come to the 8th World Water Forum. Make yourself at home!